Tolkien’s Hierarchy of Creation
[Iluvatar created the Ainur who participated in the creation of all else. The creation consisted of the Universe (Ea), and in the Universe was the World (Arda), and in the World to the west was the home of the Ainur on Arda called Valinor & to the east across the sea was Middle-earth]
[“The One”, The Creator]
[“Holy Ones” / Angelic powers]
Created beings who participated in the creation of the Universe (Ea) and the World (Arda). The mightiest being Melkor (later called Morgoth); the only one to be jealous of Iluvatar & who later bred orcs, trolls and dragons to carry out his evil designs. The Ainur who came into the west of Arda were called the Valar; the ruling council of the Valar were called the Aratar (The High Ones of Arda).
Elves (Quendi, “first born of Iluvatar”)
Avari (East-elves, Dark-elves)
Noldor (Deep-elves, High-elves of
Teleri (Late-comers) / Lindar
Men / Humankind
Called by a multitude of names, but always somehow to be thought of as outsiders and interlopers. With the final departure from Middle-earth of elves, and with the dwindling in numbers of the other races, humankind became the inheritors of the world and in time forgot about the other peoples, and forgot the heroic acts of the past.
PJS [rev. 7/06]