Outline

Origins of Slavery

 

African Slave Trade

Historiography

          Red, White, and Black

Origins

          Portuguese 1472

          England, Royal African Company (1663) 1672

          DY

          1680s – 5,000 – 6,000 slaves annually

          End of monopoly – 1698 – 20,000 annually

Transportation

          West Africa – 75%

          Coffles

          barracoons

Middle passage

          Caribbean

North America

          1619 – first Africans in Virginia

          From indentured servants to African slavery

          “The American Paradox”

          Indentured servants – 75% of Virginians

          Headright

          Distribution of land

Bacon’s Rebellion

          Nathaniel Bacon 1675

          Susquehannock

          William Berkeley

Slavery as a solution

          Black codes (slave codes)

Conditions of slavery