Nationalist Garden and the Holy Book” by Barbara Novak
is Novak attempting to express in her opening paragraphs where she depicts the
way that “nature,” “God,” “revelation,” and the “nation” were
becoming entangled (123) in American society during the first half of the 19th
century prior to the Civil War?
do the ideas of “wilderness,” “garden” (note the two concepts of the
"garden"!), “fall,” and “regained paradise” (124) relate to
these larger themes? How do they
find expression in painting? (124-5)
does the notion of the “sublime” (127) have to do with revelation and
painting? How does landscape
painting come to serve religious and nationalist purposes?
How was art expected to contribute to the pressures that science was
placing on Christianity? (127) Why
is the role of the artist is so special? (127-128)
does the development of images in Cole’s series of paintings, The
Course of Empire, contribute to the moral significance of early 19th
century painting? (128f) Please
check the images (see link above).
does the process of landscape painting that captures the divine face of nature
contribute to an appreciation of the consciousness of the nation?
does it mean to say that the national consciousness during the first half of the
19th century identified America’s destiny with the American
landscape? (131) How are these
landscape painters rightfully called the leaders of the national flock? (132)
What was the ideal that "natural" or rural America was identified
with? Do you understand more clearly the epigram from Locke at the beginning of
this essay now that you have grappled with some of its claims?
relationship does this have to Step 2 of Bonaventure's vision, to the Franciscan
interpretation of nature, or to the intellectual journey?