T. Cole, The Course of Empire

T. Cole, The Garden of Eden

T. Cole, The Voyage of Life

The Mystical Landscape

The Mystical Light

The "Landscape Church"

1. Nature, art, and religion in Romanticism and the 19th century


Religious feeling and spirituality are not restricted to liturgical arts: this is clearly shown in a striving to express the infinite in the nineteenth-century art and literature. Religious feelings of Romantic artists found their utmost expression in the movement of the Brotherhood of St. Luke (artist-monks) and painting “spiritual” landscapes. Hopkins’ poetry harmonizes well with the aspiration of these artists to find the divine in nature.